Food Biotechnology

Attempt the following questions to check your understanding of the subject:

  1. Explain the following terms used in cloning
    1. DNA recombination (3 marks)
    2. Transformation (3 marks)
    3. selective amplification (3 marks)
  2. cloning vectors (3 marks)
  3. List and explain the reasons for the wide application of micro-organisms in food biotechnology processes (6 marks)
  4. Explain the ethical considerations in modern biotechnology application (6 marks)
  5. Define the term mutagenesis and explain different types of mutations. (6 marks)
  6. Discuss safety and health issues associated with modern biotechnology (6 marks)
  7. State the advantages of tissue culture over intact plants (6 marks)
  1. State and explain the factors affecting fermentation (10 marks)
  2. State and explain any five enzymes used in recombinant DNA technology (10 marks)
  3. Explain application of re-compliant DNA technology in environmental protection (6 marks)
  4. Compare solid substance culture and submerged liquid culture. (10 marks)
  5. Describe the polymerase chain reaction procedure and its applications (10 marks)