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Clean In Place (CIP)

Clean-in-place (CIP) is a method of automated cleaning the interior surfaces of pipes, vessels, equipments, filters and associated fittings, without major disassembly. Read more here: Clean-in-place

Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA)

Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) is a valuable tool for estimating the burden of disease due to exposure of a particular microbial pathogen. Read more here Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment to Estimate the Health Risk in Urban Drinking Water Systems…

Sprouting in wheat grains

Sprouted wheat is very high in alpha amylase enzyme activity. High alpha-amylase activity leads to the production of dextrins and gummy substances during cooking, and to sticky and unattractive baked goods. It also results in products with poor color and…

Sensory Evaluation of Foods

In objective testing, the sensory attributes of a product are evaluated by a selected and trained panel. Trained panels are normally treated as similar to measurement equipment that can be calibrated and therefore able to provide useful data. On the other hand,…